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Antarctica: A lab under the sea ice to study climate

Antarctica: A lab under the sea ice to study climate

A laboratory 25.5 meter below sea level in the icy Antarctic waters of the Ross Sea to study climate by analyzing the growth of calcium carbonate skeletons of coralline algae and marine invertebrates like bryozoans. This is the objective of the two-year project "Ice-ClimaLizers", coordinated by ENEA as part of the 34th Italian expedition to Antarctica, in collaboration with two CNR institutes (Marine Sciences of Bologna and Engineering of the Sea of Genoa), the Institute of Oceanology of Sopot (Poland), the University of Portsmouth and the Museum of Natural History of London (United Kingdom) and the University of Burgundy (France). Funded by the National Program for Research in Antarctica (PNRA), Ice-ClimaLizers (Antarctic biomineralizers as proxies of climate change) is the first Italian climate project focusing on the role of Antarctic biomineralizers as indicators of climate change and in particular of ocean acidification.