Radioactive Waste - Integrated Service

Thanks to their properties, radioactive materials can be used for a wide range of applications. In particular:

  • Biomedical diagnosis and therapy (e.g., radiotherapy, Bone Mineral Densitometry to diagnose osteoporosis, scintigraphy, blood or surgical instrument sterilization, radiography, CT)
  • Irradiation of non-biomedical products (e.g., food sterilization and irradiation for storage purposes)
  • Diagnostics, industrial measurements and material analysis (e.g., thickness and density measurements, pipe welding control).


The management and disposal of facilities containing radioactive sources are ruled by regulations which their owners have to abide by strictly. Yet, the competent National Authorities have to cope with some possible sealed sources found in unguarded places which may be dangerous to people’s health and the environment.

Pursuant to Legislative Decree No. 52/2007, the Integrated Service is responsible for the safe storage of occasionally-found radioactive sources (orphan sources or high-activity sealed radioactive sources that cannot be controlled due to unavailability by the owners or local authorities).

The Integrated Service is generally responsible for radioactive waste belonging to categories I and II, waste of sanitary origin and small radioactive sources compliant with the standards specified in the ENEA Technical Guide No. 26 and with the procedures established in agreement with NUCLECO, a participated company of the Agency.

The Integrated Service is part of the ENEA Technical Unit for Technologies and Facilities for Nuclear Fission, and Nuclear Material Management. It addresses, coordinates, supervises and plans all activities, and identifies the types of waste it is responsible for and their appropriate packaging and transport procedures.

Some types of radioactive material with minimal residual radioactivity (medical materials of category I) are treated under exempt disposal just like conventional waste. Other types of residual waste – once treated and conditioned – are deposit-stored at NUCLECO premises, as long as the national site for the disposal of low- and medium-level radioactive waste is not available.

In order to make such sources more easily identifiable and suggest the rightest behaviour when finding these materials, the Integrated Service has published a manifesto specifying also some contact persons from the bodies involved in the emergency plans drawn up by the Italian prefectures.


Head of Integrated Service:

Nadia Cherubini
Via Anguillarese 301
00123 Santa Maria di Galeria – Roma
Tel. +39-06-30486662