Deciphering the grapevine genom

 

Grapevine ranks fourth in the list of sequenced genomes of flowering plants (after Arabidopsis, rice, and poplar). The genomic sequence offers not only further insights into the evolution of higher plants but also clues to the molecular makeup associated with domestication of Vitis vinifera over the past five millennia.

The public release of the sequence of grapevine genome is, in itself, a fundamental result and, at the same time, it represents a starting point for the understanding of gene functions and the evaluation of the natural genetic variability present within the species. This will in turn help to understand the relative importance of genetic factors and environmental stimuli in controlling plant development and in determining the quality of products.

This knowledge will be utilized in agronomical applications, such as the development of disease-resistant grapevine, thus contributing to the sustainability of agricultural practices by reducing the use of pesticides.

The grapevine genome sequencing is one of the few examples of trans-national projects jointly funded by public institutions other than the EC. Researchers from the Consortium gave an overview of the strategies behind the project and provided insights into related selected research activities, including structural and functional genomics. The seminar brought an overview of present achievements and future application and development of genome sequencing in plants and crops in the European context.

 

Programme

Reports

  • URGV Plant Genomics Reseach Unit, Evry -
    Grapevine genome sequencing by the French-Italian Consortium
  • M. Enrico Pe'
    Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa
    The VIGNA project and the implementation of genomic platforms in Italy
  • Massimo Delledonne
    Scientific and Technological Dept., University of Verona -
    Transcriptomics as a tool for grapevine genome functional characterization
  • Michele Morgante
    Institute of Applied Genomics, Udine
    To tinker or not to tinker with grape varieties: is that the question?
  • Serge Delrot
    Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin de Bordeaux, INRA
    Grapevine research in Europe: experience from the COST action
  • Francis Quetier
    Genoscope (Evry) -
    Funding strategies for grapevine genomics in France
  • Andrea Sartori
    Unione Italiana Vini
    The role of basic science in the future of modern wine industry