Con tale acronimo si designa una versione evoluta del modello MARKAL (vedi voce). The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System (TIMES) is an evolved version of MARKAL with new functions and flexibilities. Its main features are described in the paper “ETSAP-TIAM: the TIMES integrated assessment”, model Part I: Model structure, by Richard Loulou and Maryse Labriet, Published online: 24 February 2007, © Springer-Verlag 2007.