Water and food security under a climate change scenario in the Pacific Small Island Developing States

A project to increase water and food system resilience of climate migrants settlements in the Federated States of Micronesia

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Murukesan Krishnapillai, College of Micronesia-FSM, Natale Massimo Caminiti, Maria Velardi, Nicola Colonna, ENEA

DOI 10.12910/EAI2018-065

 

Under Climate change scenarios water security and food availability could be critical in areas traditionally known as rich in water and with high productivity level as countries and islands close to the equatorial belt. Changes in pattern of precipitation and/or extreme weather events can substantially decrease water availability and food security and affect quality of living till push people to abandon more vulnerable areas and move to safe places with larger resources availability. Traditionally populations living in those areas do not have the habit, experience and culture to save water or introduce crops more resistant to drought because the generous climate provides, all over the year, the water and food they need. But nowadays under the climate change scenario there is the urgent need to put efforts and implement actions to increase resilience to climate changes also in those countries.  In the framework of the Cooperation Programme of the Governments of Italy, Austria, Luxembourg, Spain and of the Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS), sustained by the Italian government and implemented by the Italian Ministry of Environment and Land and Sea (IMELS) it has been set up and approved a project in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) with the aim to enhance water security and climate resilient food systems for the displaced atoll communities in Yap. …